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Wolf distribution in the Alps and Eastern Prealps (December 2019)

Correct communication on the wolf represents the first step to promote acceptance of the species, especially in newly colonized areas such as the Eastern Alps and Prealps.

So we developed a wolf presence map, involving the territories of Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige and Friuli Venezia Giulia.
The purpose of this map is not only to inform, but also to keep track of the wolf's presence in these territories, through periodic updates.
This work has been possible not only thanks to the commitment of our volunteers, but also to the contribution of professionals, individuals, organizations and associations who have committed themselves during the last year to the collection and processing of data in the field.

How to interpret this map

Herd confirmed

They are two wolves of opposite sex that have reproduced at least once and occupy a stable territory for exclusive use, whose presence has been confirmed by institutional bodies (Regions, Provinces, etc).

Herd highly probable

They are two wolves of opposite sex that have reproduced at least once and occupy a stable territory for exclusive use, and whose presence has NOT yet been confirmed by institutional bodies (Regions, Provinces, etc.) but for which the amount of data collected and processed through reports, direct sightings, snow tracing and other investigations, it makes the formation of a family in that area highly probable.

Pair

They are two wolves of opposite sex who have settled on a territory in a stable manner, but who have not yet given birth to a pack through reproduction.

Wolf found lifeless

These are wolves recovered from life after impact with cars, poaching or deaths from other causes.

Positioning on the map

By convention the icons on the map have been positioned near the area that gives the name to the pack or the couple. In no case the positioning on the map represents the main area or the center of the herd area.

Herd territory

In the Alps and Eastern Prealps it is estimated that the territory of a herd can be between 100 and 250 square kilometers and is for the exclusive use of the herd that inhabits it.
The boundaries of the territory often follow the topography of the land, the valleys, the waterways, for this reason it is very difficult to estimate its extent without proper investigation activities such as genetic analysis or radio-collars.
For this reason, in the realization of this map it was decided not to report the estimates on the extent of the territories, but simply to place an icon in the area affected by the presence of the wolf.

Mortality of new born

In the Italian Alps and Prealps the mortality of newborns is very high: a mortality rate of 75% is estimated (Marucco et al.) within the first year of life, which means that, on average, only 1 in 4 pups can become adults.

Reliability

The data represented here are the result of intense field work carried out not only by "I am not afraid of the wolf" but by a vast series of people, associations and individuals who, through passion or profession, investigate the presence of the wolf in these territories.
The data reported as "confirmed" have already been published and confirmed by institutions or projects related to it, while for data not confirmed by the institutions our association believes their disclosure following checks carried out in the field.

Estimated families present

20 herds

The following estimate takes into consideration the territories of Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia but it is important to underline that many of these herds move between different regions or sometimes they can also move abroad.

Estimate wolves present

80/110 specimens

Due to the great elusiveness of the species and the great effort required for field monitoring, the presence of the wolf on a given territory is an "estimate" and not a certain number.

Wolves found lifeless

20 specimens

Last update: 15 December 2019

 

BRANCO NAME

STATUS

YEAR FIRST REPRODUCTION

YEAR LAST REPRODUCTION

SOURCE LAST REPRODUCTION

COMMENTS

LessiniaConfirmed20132019I'm not afraid of the wolf
CaregaConfirmed20162019I'm not afraid of the wolfBorn 2019: 8 (certain minimum number)
FolgariaConfirmed20172018Autonomous Province of TrentoPregnant dominant female invested on 19 May 2019. No reproduction in 2019
PasubioLikely20192019I'm not afraid of the wolf
Val di SellaConfirmed20192019Autonomous Province of Trento
Monte GrappaConfirmed20172019I'm not afraid of the wolf
North AsiagoConfirmed20162019I'm not afraid of the wolf
South AsiagoLikely20182019I'm not afraid of the wolf
Col VisentinConfirmed20172019I'm not afraid of the wolfBorn 2019: 6 (certain minimum number)
CansiglioConfirmed20192019Ass. Natualistica Lorenzoni - Wildlife Camera ProjectBorn 2019: 5 (certain minimum number)
CesenConfirmed20192019I'm not afraid of the wolfBorn 2019: 2 (certain minimum number)
Belluno Dolomites National ParkConfirmed20192019Belluno Dolomites National ParkBorn 2019: 3 (certain minimum number)
PelmoLikely20192019I'm not afraid of the wolf
MarmoladaConfirmed20172019I'm not afraid of the wolfBorn 2019: 5 (certain minimum number)
MagrediConfirmed20182019Cordenonese naturalistic associationBorn 2019: 3 (certain minimum number)
Val CalamentoConfirmed20192019Autonomous Province of Trento
TonalConfirmed20192019Autonomous Province of Trento
Cima d'Asta / BroconLikely20192019I'm not afraid of the wolf
LusonConfirmed20192019Autonomous Province of Bolzano
Val di Non / Val d'UltimoConfirmed20182019Autonomous Province of Bolzano

 

2 of the 6 puppies of the Col Visentin herd filmed on 22 September 2019 (Antonio Galletti)
"Giulietta" the dominant female of the Lessinia herd resumed on 25 May 2019, shows evident signs of lactation (Alberto Saddi)
3 wolf specimens, presumably the dominant couple and a cub of the year taken on November 24, 2019 on Monte Cesen, between the provinces of Belluno and Treviso (Antonio Galletti)
5 puppies of the Marmolada / Val di Fassa herd resumed on 3 September 2019 (Enrico Ferraro)
Two associated specimens (left female, right male) that we have been constantly following since winter 2018/2019 within the historic range of the Lessinia herd, apparently not associated with other specimens, taken on May 1, 2019 (Francesco Romito)
The 5 puppies of the Cansiglio pack filmed by video trap during the summer of 2019 (Courtesy of the Lorenzoni Naturalistic Association)

Two specimens of the "South Asiago" herd in which the presumed dominant female can be seen with the characteristic signs of lactation, confirming the birth, taken on 11 May 2019 during a prey transport. (Enrico Ferraro)

Three specimens of the “South Asiago” family photographed in April 2019 during a direct sighting. (Photo by Ivan Mosele)

Download and share the map

Click on the map to download it in high resolution. Reproduction and sharing is authorized citing as source: Association I am not afraid of the wolf - www.iononhopauradellupo.it

Credits 

Special thanks for the collection and processing of data to Dr. Enrico Ferraro and all the volunteers of I am not afraid of the wolf.
Graphic processing and data review: Francesco Romito.

For all data prior to 2019 the reference documents are:

Author: Marucco F., E. Advinelli, B. Bassano, R. Bionda, F. Bisi, S. Calderola, C. Chioso, U. Fattori, L. Pedrotti, D. Righetti, E. Rossi, E. Tironi, F. Truc and K. Pilgrim, Engkjer C., Schwartz M (2018).
Title: The wolf population in the Italian Alps 2014-2018. Technical report, LIFE 12 Project NAT / IT / 00080 WOLFALPS - Action A4 and D1.

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Author: Autonomous Province of Trento
Title: Large Carnivores Report 2018